News

EVENT – 7 July to 13 July 2022

CTSH – 1st Annual Meeting

Capitalisms, technologies, societies and Health – A Euro-Asian research project

This first annual meeting of the Euro-Asian research team – Capitalisms, technologies, societies and Health, to be held from July 7th to July 13th 2022, is the first of the research project and will be followed by two others in 2023 and 2024. We are welcoming at the Campus Condorcet all the Research Team, from Asia (Japan, South Korea and Taiwan), Europe (Germany, Ireland, France) and North America (Canada) during one week with different kind of events (Workshop, Roundtable, Team meetings, Visit of Research Centers and a Final Conference…). This annual meeting should help to communicate the team’s work to a wider public, strengthen collaborations within the research project, report on the first results and set the next steps.

  • 7 July to 13 July 2022 | 9.00 – 18.00 (France Time)
  • EHESS, Campus Condorcet | 2 cours des Humanités

Participants: Robert Boyer (Professor, EHESS), Alexandre Faure (Post-doctoral researcher, EHESS-FFJ), Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Professor, EHESS-CERMES3), Jeehoon Ki (Researcher, KISTEP), Aleksandra Kobiljski (Researcher, CNRS, EHESS-CCJ), Naonori Kodate (Associate Professor, University College Dublin), Wen-Hua Kuo (Associate Professor, National Yang-Ming University), Brice Laurent (Professor, Mines), Sébastien Lechevalier (Professor, EHESS-CCJ&FFJ), Keun Lee (Professor, SNU), Harilal Madhavan (Ad-hoc Faculty, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research), Makiko Matsuo (Non-permanent Project Professor, The University of Tokyo, IFI), Matthieu Montalban (Associate Professor, Université Bordeaux), Anne Rasmussen (Professor, EHESS-CAK), Miwon Seo-Plu (Post-doctoral researcher, EHESS-CCJ), Hideaki Shiroyama (Professor, Faculty of Law and IFI), Cornelia Storz (Professor, Goethe Universität), Kayo Takuma (Professor, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Yves Tiberghien (Professor, UBC)


EVENT – 16 December 2021

INNOVCARE Project – 1st Annual Conference

Care-led innovation: The case of elderly care in France and Japan

The increase in human longevity and the ageing of the population constitute a major challenge for our societies. One of the key issues concerns the care of elderly people who are facing a loss of autonomy. In this field, if the contribution of technologies (such as robotics, artificial intelligence, information and communication technologies) is recognized as an answer, it is also marked by certain limits, partly revealed by the Covid-19 crisis. Our hypothesis is that this is a structural problem linked to the partial disconnection between social needs and technological responses, in connection with the dominant paradigm of innovation. The objective of the project is to develop an alternative concept of care-driven innovation. Through a multidisciplinary Franco-Japanese collaboration, we analyze policies and practices that make well-being the ultimate criterion for innovation.

  • 16 December 2021 | 9.00 – 13.30 (France Time) | 17.00 – 21.30 (Japan Time)
  • Online (open to everybody) and onsite (by invitation only) – In English
  • Speakers: Susanne Brucksch (DIJ), Aurélie Damamme (Université Paris 8, CRESPPA), Aline Désesquelles (INED), Olivier Giraud (CNRS, LISE), Yasuyuki Gondo (Osaka University), Anne-Marie Guillemard (Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne), Boris Hauray (INSERM, IRIS), Helena Hirata (CNRS, CRESPPA), Miwako Honda (Tokyo Medical Center), Nao Kinoshita (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan), Naonori Kodate (University College Dublin), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS), Prisca Lucas (Gérond’if), Atsushi Nakazawa (Kyoto University), Toshiyuki Ojima (Hamamatsu University School of Medicine), Anne-Sophie Rigaud (Université de Paris and AP-HP), Yasuhiko Saito (Nihon University), Katsunori Shimohara (Doshisha University), Loïc Trabut (INED), James Wright (The Alan Turing Institute)

  • Program

In partnership with INED. With the support of the Japan Foundation, the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme Paris Nord and the Toshiba International Foundation (TIFO)


EVENT – 16-17 September 2021

Artificial Intelligence and Health Care – German-French Dialogue on Japan II

Among all the potentialities of artificial intelligence (AI) but also the related fears and worries (e.g. privacy concerns, data integrity), the application of AI to healthcare is certainly the one that has attracted attention the most and is considered as the most promising in terms of innovation and transformation of our socio-economic systems but also of our intimate life.

To put it simply, artificial intelligence in healthcare is an overarching term used to describe the use of AI to mimic human cognition in the analysis, presentation, and comprehension of complex medical and health care data. Although the concrete applications of AI to healthcare are diverse (e.g.using AI to efficiently diagnose and reduce error; making more accurate and earlier cancer diagnosis with AI; developing new medicines with AI), it is possible to consider that the primary aim of health-related AI applications is to analyze relationships between prevention or treatment techniques and patient outcomes.

At the same time, despite or because of all these promises, AI in healthcare raises several unprecedented ethical concerns related to its practice such as data privacy, automation of jobs, and representation biases. In this context, it is important to mobilize researchers in social sciences in order to discuss, criticize and compare the uses of AI in healthcare, together with stakeholders, patients, doctors, policy makers, and the industry. Moreover, given the differences across countries, it is essential to adopt an international and comparative perspective. From the European viewpoint, it is particularly interesting to look at Japan, where the applications of AI to healthcare are numerous and promising, while the social and ethical debates on this are lively.

These are the major purposes of this event, which is the second symposium of the French-German Dialogue on Japan, a joint initiative by JDZB and FFJ. It will discuss the topic of AI and health care, by bringing together trilateral perspectives, research findings, and hands-on experience by panelists from academia and business.

The session 1 will deal with the discussion on the innovative character or expected innovations by AI in healthcare from the perspectives of health professionals, the private sector, and policy makers, while the session 2 will tackle the issues of social and ethical aspects of AI in healthcare.

  • 16-17 September 2021 | 9.30 – 12.00 (France) | 16.30 – 19.00 (Japan)
  • Online – In English
  • Speakers: Sébastien Dalgalarrondo (IRIS), Jean-Louis Davet (Denos Group), Roland Eils (BIH Digital Health Center, Berlin Institute of Health at Charité), Amelia Fiske (Institute for History and Ethics of Medicine, Technical University of Munich), Yuko Harayama (RIKEN), Boris Hauray (IRIS), Stefan Höcherl (gematik GmbH), Phoebe Stella Holdgrün (JDZB), Romain Huret (EHESS), Jiro Kokuryo (Keio University), Athanasios Kontopoulos (Air Liquide), Sébastien Lechevalier (Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS), Thomas Lefèvre (IRIS, Hospital Practitioner), Atsushi Nakazawa (Kyoto University), Vanessa Nurock (Paris 8 University, UNESCO), Werner Pascha (University of Duisburg-Essen, JDZB), Kazuhiro Sakurada (RIKEN), Anne Schwerk (CENTOGENE)
  • Program

 


EVENT – 26 May 2021

Capitalisms, Technologies, Society and Health (CTSH) – Launch meeting

The objective of this launching meeting is to present the Capitalisms, Technologies, Society and Health (CTSH) project (Scientific methodology and objectives, Global organization of the project, Website presentation…) and let every research team members  present him/herself.

  • 26 May 2021 | 9.00 – 11.00 am (CET) | 4.00 – 6.00 pm (JST)
  • Online – In English
  • Speakers: Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Cermes3, Inserm, EHESS), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ, EHESS), Jodie Cazau (FFJ), Céline Caliaro (FFJ)
  • CTSH research team meeting’s program

 


EVENT – 6 April 2021 – Organized by The India China Institute

Histories of Global Health, COVID 19 and Asian Responses

Jean-Paul Gaudillière

The conversation with historian Jean-Paul Gaudillière will interrogate how global health has evolved as a field that is defined by philanthropy, public-private partnerships, and donor-driven technical assistance. The COVID 19 pandemic has revealed how this field, while guided by expertise from Geneva and Seattle, has not taken into account public health models adopted by many Asian countries. By comparing experiences of countries in Asia, Africa, and Europe, the discussion hopes to put a critical lens on what regimes of global health have privileged – and systematically ignored.

Speaker: Jean-Paul Gaudillière (in conversation with Manjari Mahajan).

Manjari Mahajan is an Associate Professor in the Julien J. Studley Graduate Programs in International Affairs and Co-Director of the India China Institute at The New School.

The India China Institute – Watch the conference on Youtube

 


PUBLICATION – March 2021

Variety of national innovation systems (NIS) and alternative pathways to growth beyond the middle-income stage: Balanced, imbalanced, catching-up, and trapped NIS

Keun Lee, Jongho Lee, Juneyoung Lee

This study uses the US patent data of 32 to 35 economies to measure, classify, and analyze the evolution and performance of their respective national innovation systems (NIS) or technology clubs, with a focus on those economies that sustained growth beyond the middle-income stage. The NIS is measured in terms of five variables, namely, knowledge localization, technological diversification, cycle time of technologies, originality, and decentralization. The cluster analysis identifies five major NIS clusters that are either balanced or imbalanced in terms of the relative values of the five NIS variables. Growth equation regressions confirm two pathways to achieve catching-up toward the high-income status. The one pathway has been identified for Ireland, Spain, Hong Kong, and Singapore, which all belong to the balanced and mixed NIS cluster and are joined recently by India and Russia, thus achieving ‘‘balanced catchingup”. The other pathway has been identified for Korea and Taiwan, which created imbalanced and catching-up clusters, and is recently joined by China. In contrast to these two groups, we have also identified the trapped NIS consisting of those economies perceived to be stuck in the middle-income trap, such as Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, South Africa, Malaysia, and Thailand. The imbalanced and catching-up NIS is characterized by short cycle time of technologies, low originality, high localization, and high diversification compared with the trapped NIS with the exactly opposite attributes. By contrast, the balanced and catching-up group is characterized by all of these NIS variables that are balanced at intermediate values.

Read the paper

 


EVENT – 12 January 2021 – Organized by FFJ

Round Table: Why is Japan doing better than France against Covid-19?

Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Sébastien Lechevalier

This round table proposes to approach the topic of the management of the health crisis in Japan from a political and economic point of view to try to understand the difference between Japanese and French management of the crisis.

Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Cermes3, Inserm, EHESS): The management of the Covid-19 pandemic in France: a historical weakness of public health? This presentation will talk about the management of the Covid-19 pandemic in France.

Adrienne Sala (IFRJ-MFJ): Japanese health crisis management policy in the face of the Covid-19 epidemic. This presentation will analyze the choices and strategies applied by the Japanese government, with a particular focus on the issue of respect for individual freedoms.

Toru Yoshida (Hokkaido University): Japanese politics and economy at the time of Covid-19: “weak state” and “strong society”? This presentation will address the different aspects of the “Japanese model” in the management of the crisis, while taking into account the economic measures taken and their consequences.

  • 12 January 2021 | 10.00 – 12.00 am (CET) | 6.00 – 8.00 pm (JST)
  • Online – In French
  • Speakers: Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Cermes3, Inserm, EHESS), Adrienne Sala (IFRJ-MFJ), Toru Yoshida (Hokkaido University)
  • Moderator: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ, EHESS)
  • Program

The Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS – Watch the conference on Youtube

 


PUBLICATION – 2020

Varieties of Capitalism and re-thinking the East Asian model of economic growth after the Covid-19: Rebalancing shareholder and stakeholder capitalism

Keun Lee

East Asian economies had shown remarkable performance of high growth and low inequality, thereby forming a separate East Asian capitalism group within the VoC (variety of capitalism) typologies. There are strong signs that these economies have recently been converging to the LME (liberal market economy group), featuring low growth and high inequality, since the 2000s. Financialisation is arguably one cause for these outcomes of low growth and high inequality. This paper re-evaluates East Asian capitalism in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, which has suddenly halted globalisation and further questioned the superiority of shareholder capitalism associated with financialisation and globalisation. It proposes rebalancing between shareholder and stakeholder capitalism. By doing so, East Asian economies can be reborn as a hybrid capitalism, with East Asian capitalism at its original core, to restore their growth momentum in an inclusive way. It is also argued that the post-pandemic retreat of globalisation is a good opportunity to restore autonomy in domestic economic policymaking over interest rates and exchange rates, while allowing some adjustments over formerly excessive capital mobility.

Read the paper

 


PUBLICATION – October 2020

Les capitalismes à l’épreuve de la pandémie

CAPITALISM PUT TO THE TEST BY THE PANDEMIC

Robert Boyer

Depuis le début de la crise mondiale de la covid-19, les questionnements sur l’avenir des capitalismes se sont multipliés. Et nombre de voix se sont élevées pour que les « jours d’après » ne soient plus jamais comme « ceux d’avant ». Dans le court terme, les pronostics étaient confrontés à une incertitude radicale, invitant à la prudence : il faudra du temps pour démêler l’écheveau des responsabilités et construire d’éventuelles alternatives.

D’où l’importance de comprendre les ressorts de la crise. Comme l’a montré le célèbre 18 Brumaire de Louis Bonaparte de Marx (1852), les meilleures analyses « à chaud » sont le fait d’auteurs ayant une vision de la dynamique du système sur un horizon long. C’est pourquoi Robert Boyer, contributeur majeur de l’École de la régulation – qui étudie l’économie comme partie intégrante de sociétés traversées par l’histoire –, est bien placé pour relever ce défi. Lors de crises précédentes, il a démontré la valeur explicative de cette approche, qui prend en compte à la fois les inerties tendant à la reproduction du système et les forces impulsant sa transformation : l’issue n’est pas écrite à l’avance et plus longtemps durent les crises, plus le retour à la situation antérieure devient improbable.

Dans cet essai, l’auteur donne à comprendre les processus déclenchés en 2020 et éclaire sur le champ des possibles. La dislocation des relations internationales, l’éclatement de la zone euro, la déstabilisation de l’État social, la montée des populismes ne sont pas improbables. Mais n’est pas non plus exclue une grande bifurcation vers un nouveau modèle construit sur la complémentarité entre éducation, formation, santé et culture, qui répondrait à la demande de solidarité des citoyens et aux exigences de la transition écologique.

More information on the publisher website (in French)

 


PUBLICATION – 2019

Innovation Beyond Technology
Science for Society and Interdisciplinary Approaches

Sébastien Lechevalier (Ed.), Robert Boyer, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Brice Laurent

The major purpose of this book is to clarify the importance of non-technological factors in innovation to cope with contemporary complex societal issues while critically reconsidering the relations between science, technology, innovation (STI), and society. For a few decades now, innovation—mainly derived from technological advancement—has been considered a driving force of economic and societal development and prosperity.

With that in mind, the following questions are dealt with in this book: What are the non-technological sources of innovation? What can the progress of STI bring to humankind? What roles will society be expected to play in the new model of innovation? The authors argue that the majority of so-called technological innovations are actually socio-technical innovations, requiring huge resources for financing activities, adapting regulations, designing adequate policy frames, and shaping new uses and new users while having the appropriate interaction with society.

This book gathers multi- and trans-disciplinary approaches in innovation that go beyond technology and take into account the inter-relations with social and human phenomena. Illustrated by carefully chosen examples and based on broad and well-informed analyses, it is highly recommended to readers who seek an in-depth and up-to-date integrated overview of innovation in its non-technological dimensions.

More information on the publisher website

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